dmaeAge Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) is an eye disease that affects the central area of ​​the retina, called macula, affecting central vision or the so called “detail” vision.

It is the leading cause of low vision in developed countries, but it doesn’t reach total blindness.

The origin of this disease is unknown, but some environmental conditions and risk factors are known:

  • Age: When age is more advanced, there’s greater risk of ARMD
  • Family history of ARMD
  • Smoking: the likelihood of developing ARMD is multiplied 2 to 3 times more.
  • Diet low in antioxidants, increases the risk of ARMD.
  • Environmental factors such as exposure to ultraviolet light.


¿How to find out if I have Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD)?

The macula allows us to see clearly and among other things to recognize the faces of people, reading, sewing, watching TV, driving, etc.

Symptoms of ARMD include blurred vision, changes in colour perception, see straight or wavy or slanted lines and perceive more glares from lights.

Any change in our vision can be a symptom of disturbance in the macula, so we should quickly approach a visual specialist.


Atrophic Macular Degeneration or Dry and Exudative Macular Degeneration or Wet

There are two manifest forms of ARMD:

Dry macular degeneration (atrophic) is the most common, occurring in 85% of cases. Visual loss occurs slowly and progressively. It occurs when macula cells sensitive to light slowly break down, making central vision gradually blurred like a cloud.

Wet macular degeneration (exudative) is less frequent and appears when abnormal blood vessels behind the retina start to grow under the macula. It causes sudden vision loss.

The lifestyle factors can influence the risk of developing this disease; we can prevent it by:

  • Using Glasses with Selective Filters to protect against UV rays
  • Avoid smoking
  • Control blood pressure
  • A diet rich in fish, fruit and vegetables and low in fat animals
  • Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight
  • Visual Controls

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